Dr. Vasile NAZARE
Abstract. The Black Sea, although it could not compete with the Mediterranean or with the Persian Gulf, it actually had its own role throughout the history due to its geo-economic, geopolitical and geostrategic importance.
The discovery of massive energetic resources in the Caspian region, Central Asia and The Black Sea (3-13 trillion cubic metres of gas and 1 trillion barrels of condensate oil) has changed the priorities and attitude of regional powers (Russia) and non-regional ones (China, USA, UE).
Within the Black Sea boundaries, Russia (an emerging power) and NATO (an expanding political and military alliance, without any consistent air or navy force in this region) are challenging each other for supremacy and in this regard, there have been established certain objectives and strategies both short and long term.
Russia’s rebirth and its return to the power games in different regions of the world have been prepared by very careful and efficient planning: power centralization, good national security and army modernization (aspects such as organization, doctrine, military hardware and training).
The dilemma facing all powers involved is finding the right balance between deterrence and escalation. This way, it becomes clear that security and peace can only be achieved and maintained by cooperation in all fields and not by confrontation.
Conf. univ. dr., membru AGIC