Abstract. That is what declared George Friedman, on July 7, 2017 in an article posted on the website https://geopoliticalfutures.com: „The Intermarium is a concept that I have spoken about for nearly a decade. I predicted it would rise after Russia inevitably re-emerged as a major regional power. Which makes sense, considering it would comprise the former Soviet satellites of Eastern Europe: the Baltic states, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and possibly Bulgaria. Its purpose would be to contain any potential Russian move to the west. The United States would support it. … The two foundations of the Intermarium (now frequently referred to as such in the region) are Poland and Romania. … The bloc runs from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea, but its logical extension goes southwest to the Adriatic Sea. The so-called Three Seas model would add Austria, Slovenia and Croatia to the Intermarium’s ranks.” If we superimpose the states geographically from the various configurations of Jozef Piłsudski Intermarium with that of today’s Three Seas Initiative we see a clear resemblance.
Starting from the prediction of George Friedman and our hypothesis of resemblance, we want to go back in history and research the beginnings of the Intermarium project. In this study, which is primarily historical, we propose an asyncronic and longitudinal comparative analysis of geopolitical developments in Central and Eastern European space, based on data provided by press sources from then, 1920, and now, 2014-1017. We will stress the role of the two „foundations”, Romania and Poland, in defining the original early-twentieth-century idea of Intermarium which envisaged a federation or confederation of the states between the Baltic and Black Seas, a real anti-Soviet sanitary cordon.
* Cercetător ştiinţific III dr. – Institutul Naţional de Studii de Intelligence
** Lector univ. dr. – Academia Naţională de Informaţii „Mihai Viteazul”