Abstract. EU enlargement has led to major changes in the European space, imposing new geopolitical challenges on European, Asian and African actors. The gradual change of the EU’s borders has provoked reactions from Russia and has created new security risks, but also new opportunities, for the states in the areas adjacent to the Union, which have had to adapt their strategies and adjust their foreign policy. Of course, these manifestations also occurred at the level of the states that joined the EU.
Romania, with the accession, was forced to redefine its priorities in relations with its neighbors and to generate special strategies of consolidated neighborhood, being at the eastern border of the organization. At the same time, as a maritime state with a Eurasian extension, it has integrated into the major defining programs and aligned itself with the constructive initiatives on the Black Sea Synergy, the Union for the Mediterranean and the Eastern Partnership. Even though it was not part of the Barcelona Process – a strategy of the EUROMED Partnership, Romania was interested in the developments of this project with an impact on the Extended Black Sea Cooperation Area.
Cuvinte cheie: Marea Neagră, Marea Mediterană, sinergie, geopolitică, geostrategie
* Director fondator şi senior editor Revista GeoPolitica, Preşedintele Asociaţiei de Geopolitică „Ion Conea”, membru al Academiei Oamenilor de Ştiinţă din România, membru al CENEGRI – Brazilia, membru GeoIntelligence – Italia, membru EGEEA – Rep. Moldova, membru al Asociaţiei Profesionale a Geografilor din România, membru al Asociaţiei de Drept Internaţional şi Relaţii Internaţionale, membru al Asociaţiei Române de Drept Internaţional – PH