The battle for Eurasia supremacy has begun. It is a wrestle between ideas, scenarios, different projects, strategies and other means that highlight geopolitical, economic, social and cultural factors, leaving military power related aspects in the background. Competitors smartness and political imagination are not the only attributes that matter, but also the programmes contents, their dimensions, realism, objectives importance, mobilizing effect, investors financial strength and last, but not least, the implementation time frame. In the contemporaneous geopolitical and geostrategic dialogue, the rebirth of the Silk Route outlines the world powers fight over controlling the access routes for energy and raw materials. Paraphrasing H. Mackinder, we can state that “whoever controls a region’s infrastructure, rules, in fact, the region”. And, as expected, Eurasia becomes the intersection point for the world’s four great powers interests: USA, China, Russia and EU. Lucid and pragmatic options can be found in a series of initiatives: “The New Silk Road” (USA, project launched by H. Clinton in June 2011), “Silk Road Economic Belt” and “Maritime Silk Road of the 21st Century” (China, initiatives from September and October 2013, pertaining to Xi Jinping), EU (TRACECA – 1993 and INOGATE – 1996) and Russia (V. Putin: the Eurasian Economic Union project, dating 2013).
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