Abstract. In view of the high level of dependence of the European Union on the import of energy resources from the Russian Federation and the aggravation of their energy supply problems with the beginning of a full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, there were analyzed programs, directions and measures to achieve energy independence of European countries. There were determined problems and prospects of practical implementation of the formed measures. Opportunities and place of Ukraine as a participant of the European energy market were outlined.
Keywords: energy independence, gas, European Union, Ukraine, Russia.
The European Union imports 90% of its gas consumption, of which the Russian Federation until recently provided about 45% (Fig. 1). Russia also accounted for about 25% of oil and oil products imports and 45% of coal imports.
* National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine